Part Ⅲ Reading Comprehension (55 minutes, 30 points, 1 for each)
1。 It’s very ______ you to get the tickets ______ the World Cup。
Directions: There are five passages in this part. Each passage is followed by five questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best answer and mark the corresponding letter on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.
A。 for， of B。 of， for C。 of， to D。 to， for
2。 How many teachers are there in your school？
11. D. Discussing a house plan。
Office jobs are among the positions hardest hit by compumation (计 算 机 自 动 化). Word processors and typists will lose about 93,000 jobs over the next few years, while 57,000 secretarial jobs will vanish. Blame the PC: Today, many executives type their own memos and carry there” secretaries” in the palms of their hands. Time is also hard for stock clerks, whose ranks are expected to decrease by 68,000. And employees in manufacturing firms and wholesalers are being replaced with computerized systems.
______， I think。 But I don’t know the exact number。
12. D. She is tired of the food in the canteen。
例：How much is the shirt?
But not everyone who loses a job will end up in the unemployment line. Many will shift to growing positions within their own companies. When new technologies shook up the telecomm business, telephone operator Judy Dougherty pursued retraining. She is now a communications technician, earning about $ 64,000 per year. Of course, if you’ve been a tollbooth collector for the past 30 years, and you find yourself replaced by an E-Z Pass machine, it may be of little consolation(安慰) to know that the telecom field is booming.
A。 hundred B。 Hundreds C。 Hundreds of D。 Hundreds or thousands
13. C. Listening to some loud music。
A. $19.15 B. $9.15 C. $9.18
And that’s just it: The service economy is fading: welcome to the expertise(专门知识) economy. To succeed in the new job market, you must be able to handle complex problems. Indeed, all but one of the 50 highest-paying occupations---air-traffic controller---demand at least a bachelor’s degree. For those with just a high school diploma(毕业证书).It’s going to get tougher to find a well-paying job. Since fewer factory and clerical jobs will be available. what’s left be the jobs that compumations can’t kill, computers cant clean offices, or for Alzheimer’s patients(老年痴呆 病 人). But, since most people have the skills to fill those positions, the wages stay painfully low, meaning compumation could drive an even deeper wedge (楔 子) between the and poor, The best advice now, Never stop learning, and keep up with new technology.
3。 Will you stay for lunch？
14. C. The man can dress casually for the occasion。
For busy adults of course that can be tough, The good news is that very technology that’s reducing so many jobs is a making it easier to go back to school without having to sit in a classroom. So called internet distance learning is hot, with more than three million students currently enrolled, and it’s gaining credibility with employers.
Sorry， ______。 My brother is coming to see me。
15. A. 100% cotton pants in dark blue。
1.What dose the man like about the play?
Are you at risk of losing your job to a computer ？ Check the federal Bureau of Labor Statistics’ Occupational Outlook Handbook, which is available online at bls.gov.
A。 I mustn’t B。 I can’t C。 I needn’t D。 I won’t
16. C. Its location。
A. The story B. The ending C. The actor
31、Prom the first paragraph we can infer that all of the following persons are easily thrown into unemployment EXCEPT.
4。 When he was there， he ______ go to that coffee shop at the corner after work every day。
17. C. Travel overseas。
2.Which place are the speakers trying to find?
A secretaries B stock clerks C managers D wholesalers
A。 would B。 should C。 had better D。 might
18. A. It is a fair bargain。
A.A hotel. B. A bank C.A restaurant.
32、In the second paragraph the anther mentions the tollbooth collector to
5.There ______ no hurry， need there？
3.At what time will the two speakers meet?
A mean he will get benefits from the telecomm fled
A。 need be B。 need to be C。 doesn’t D。 needs
19. D Hosting an evening TV program
A.5:20. B.5:10. C.4:40.
B show he is too old to shift to a new position
6。 ______ the sports meeting might be put off。
20. A He worked as a salesman
4.What will the man do?
C console him on having been replaced by a machine
Yes， it all depends on the weather。
21. B He wanted to be his own boss
A. Change the plan B. Wait for a phone call. C. Sort things out.
D blame the PC for his unemployment
A。 I’ve been told B。 I’ve told C。 I’m told D。 I told
22. A They are all the man’s friends
5.What does the woman want to do?
33、By saying “ ┅ compumation could drive an even deeper wedge between the rich and poor “(line 5. Para 4 )the author means
7。 Shirley ______ a book about China last year but I don’t know whether she has finished it。
23. B It remains a major of industrial activity
A. See a film with the man.
A people are getting richer and richer
A。 has written B。 wrote C。 had written D。 was writing
24. C Transport problem
B. Offer the man some help.
B there will be a small gap between rich and poor
8。 We don’t allow ______ in this room。
25. D Measures to create job opportunities。
C. Listen to some great music.
C the gap between rich and poor is getting larger an larger
A。 smoking B。 to smoke C。 people smoking D。 people to smoking
D it’s time to close up be gap between the rich and poor
9。 I haven’t got a chair ______。 Will you make room for me？
26. B. They had known each other since childhood。
34、What is the good news for those busy adults?
A。 to sit B。 to sit in C。 for sitting D。 sitting on
27. B. At Joe’s houses。
A They can still hold the job.
10。 “Are you from America？” “No， neither of us。”
28. A. Social divisions will break down if people get to know each other。
6.Where is Ben?
B They no longer need to care about computation.
A。 each B。 both C。 all D。 neither
29. A. In his building’s parking lot。
A. In the kitchen B. At school C. In the park
C Distance learning can help them.
11。 She ______ his number in the phone book to make sure that she had got it right。
30. A. It had been stolen by someone。
7.What will the children do in the afternoon?
D Employers are gaining credibility with them.
A。 looked for B。 looked up C。 looked after D。 looked like
31. B. In the city garage。
A. Help set the table B. Have a party C. Do their homework
35．What is the author’s attitude towards computers？
12。 Every morning， WE are asked ______ taken our temperatures。
32. D. The mysteriousness of creativity。
A positive B negative C neutral D prejudiced
A。 if we have B。 if have we C。 if we had D。 if had we
33. A. It is the source of all artistic work。
8.What are the two speakers talking about?
36．Which of the following might serve as the best title of passage？
13。 I will give ______ students ______ minutes for them to finish their exercise
34. D. Creative imagination。
A. A family holiday B. A business trip C. A travel plan
A Blaming the PC B The booming telecomm field
A。 the other； other five B。 the other； another five C。 other； five more D。 other； more five
35. A. It is part of everyday life。
9.Where did Rachel go?
C Internet distance leaning D Keeping up with compumation
14。 I called you just now， but you weren’t in。
A. Spain B. Italy C. China
Sorry， I ______ the reading room。
Tens of thousands of 18 year olds will graduate this year and be handed meaningless diplomas. These diplomas won’t look any different from awarded their luckier classmates Their validity will be questioned only when their employers discover the these graduates are semiliterate(半文盲)
A。 was in B。 have gone to C。 studied D。 had been to
10.How did the woman get to know about third-hand smoke?
Eventually a fortunate few will find their way into educational – repair – adult – literacy Programs, such as the one where I teach grammar and writing. There, high school graduates and high school dropouts pursuing graduate equivalency certificates will learn the skills they should have learned in school, They will discover they have been cheated by our educational system.
15。 The family ___ at the lunch table when someone came to tell them what had happened at ___。
A. From young smokers. B. From a newspaper article.
I will never forget a teacher when a senior had her for English. “He sits in the back of the room talking to his friends ”.she told me “ Why don’t you move him to the front row？” I urged, believing the embarrassment would get him to settle down. Mrs. Stifter said,"I don’t move seniors. I flunk (使 ┅ 不 及 格) them.” Our son’s academic life flashed before my eyes. No teacher had ever threatened him. By the time I got home I was feeling pretty good this. It was a radical approach for these times, but well. Why not ？ “She’s going to flunk you ” I told my son.
A。 were sitting； Mr Brown B。 were sitting； Mr Brown’s
C. From some smoking parents.
I did not discuss it any further. Suddenly English became a priority (头 等 重 要) in his life. He finished out the semester with an A.
C。 was sitting； Mr Brown D。 was sitting； Mr Brown’s
- Why does the man say that he should keep away from babies?
I know one example doesn’t make a case, but at night I see a parade of students who are angry for having been passed along until they could no longer even pretend to keep up. Of average intelligence or better, they eventually quit school, concluding they were too dumb to finish. “I should have been held back” is a comment I hear frequently. Even sadder are those students who are high-school graduates who say to me after a few weeks of class. “I don’t know how I ever got a high-school diploma.”
16。 Have you ______ your father recently？
A. He has just become a father. B. He wears dirty clothes.
No。 He doesn’t often write to me。
C. He is a smoker.
A。 heard about B。 heard of C。 heard from D。 got from
- What does the woman suggest smoking parents should do?
17。 ______did you sleep last night？
44. there have been hundreds of thefts and cases of deliberate damaging of public property
A. Stop smoking altogether. B. Smoke only outside their houses.
I was reading too late to fall asleep。
45. Things get stolen when it’s easy to steal them, because they are left lying around unwatched。
C. Reduce dangerous matter in cigarettes.
A。 How long B。 Why C。 How soon D。 How
46. A better way to solve this problem might be for all of us to be more careful with our things。
18。 Has Jack finished his homework yet？
- Where does Michelle Ray come from?
I’ve no idea， But he ______ it the whole afternoon。
A. A middle-sized city. B. A small town. C. A big city.
A。 would do B。 was doing C。 did D。 had done
1, a, ensuring no child is left behind。
- Which place would Michelle Ray take her visitors to for shopping?
19。 He’s never stolen anything before， ______ he？
2, d, students performances declined。
A. The Zen Garden B. The Highlands C. The Red River area.
______。 It’s his third time to be taken to police station。
3, d, they are mostly small in size。
- What does Michelle Ray do for complete quiet?
A。 hasn’t； Yes B。 is； Yes C。 has； Yes D。 has； No
4, d, some large schools have split up into smaller ones。
A. Go camping. B. Study in a library C. Read at home.
20。 I will spend as much time as I ______ the lesson。
5, c, their college-level test participation。
- What are the speakers talking about in general?
A。 can go over B。 can to go over C。 can going over D。 go over
6, b, their school performance was getting worse。
A. Late-night shopping. B. Asian food. C. Louisville.
21。 ______ you the truth， she knows nothing about it。
7, a, maintain closer relationships with their teachers. 8. The proportion of students taking college-level exams
A。 To tell B。 Telling C。 Tell D。 Told
9. a look at many different measures
17.Why do some people say they never have dreams according to Dr Garfield?
22.The old man walked in the street， ______。
10. tackle tough subjects under the guidance of gifted teachers
A. They forget about their dreams. B. They don’t want to tell the truth.
A.followed by his son B.followed his son
C. They have to bad experiences.
B.and following his son D.and followed by his son
87. hadn’t been watered for a long time。
18.Why did Davis stop having dreams?
23.Jim’s family went to visit ______ family last night。
88. one thousand pounds cheaper than mine。
A. He got a serious heart attack. B. He was too sad about his brother’s death.
A.Miss Sun’s B.the Suns’ C.the White D.Miss Suns’
90. as well listen to the music。
C. He was frightened by a terrible dream.
24.They stopped ______ and ______ out to play when they ______ the bell ring or rest。
91. the door open and the light on。
19.What is Dr Garfield’s opinion about dreaming?
A.working；went；heard B.work；to go； C.working；go；hearing D.working；going；heard
92. have been translated into many languages。
A. It is very useful. B. It makes things worse.
25.I am going to Qingdao and stay there for a week。
C. It prevents the mind from working.
______ you are there， would you please buy some books for me？
20.Why do some people turn off their dreams completely?
A.If B.While C.Since D.As soon as
A. To sleep better. B. To recover from illnesses.
26.That woman has a bag in her right hand.What’s in her ______ hand？
C. To say away from their problems.
A.another B.other C.one D.The other
27.Could you give me ______ second chance please？
A.an B。/ C.the D.a
28.Black， ______ father of ______ Tom， lost his new watch。
例：It is generally considered unwise to give a child ____he or she wants.
A。/，/ B.the，the C.the，/ D/，the
however B whatever C. whichever D. whenever
29.Do you know Susan’s address？
Yes。 She lives （ ） 201，Dongchang Road， Liaocheng City。
21.Dr. Peter Spence, ____ headmaster of the school, told us, “____ fifth of pupils here go to study at Oxford and Cambridge.”
A.in B.at C.along D.on
A. a; A B. 不填;The C. the; The D. 不填; A
30.What do you think of the report on the UFO？
22.---May I look at the menu for a little while?
Great！ Many students were interested in it and they kept on standing ______ the end of the meeting
--- Of course, _______, sir.
A.until B.in C.on D.about
A. don’t worry B. it doesn’t matter C. enjoy yourself D. take your time
31.The book ______ you want is on the desk。
23.Only ticket-holders were___to the stadium for the concert given by Jay Chou, so many of his fans were turned away.
Which of the following isn’t right？
A. allowed B. permitted C. agreed D. admitted
A.that B.which C。/ D.it
- The moment I completed the 3000-meter race in the school sports meet, my legs _______.
32.I’ll never forget the days ______ we spent together in the country。
A. gave out B. gave away C. gave in D. gave up
A.which B.on which C.when D，on that
- It was with great excitement one morning in July ____ the young man got the news that he was admitted to the university of his choice.
33.Is that book ______ he borrowed on Friday？
A. when B. who C. that D. which
A.that B.which C.the one D.who
- Having been out of touch with his parents for two years, John returned home,
34.The number of people who ______ cars of their own is increasing。
A. safe and sound B. safely and sound
A.has B.have C.there is D.there are
C. safe and soundly D. safely and soundly
35.The first school ______ we visited yesterday is not far from here。
27.My seat is next to _____ of the famous writer so I could ask for some advice from him about writing.
A.that B.which C.to which D.where
A. that B. this C. it D. one
36.I have the same pen ______。
28.The time and effort he has devoted during the past few years____ trees in that remote area is now considered to be of great value.
A.which you have B.as yours C.that you are D.as you
A.to plant B.to planting C.plant D.planting
37.The train ______ she was traveling was five minutes late。
29.---When did you last hear ____ Jay?
A.that B.on that C.by which D.on which
---He phoned me this morning, and we agreed ____ a time and place to meet.
38.The teacher said ______ wanted to go to the cinema must be there before 6：00，
A. of; to B. about; with C. from; on D. from; with
A.those who B.that C.who D.which
30.I had wanted to help you last night but I couldn't spare any time, for I___a composition which I have to hand in this morning.
39。______ has questions is welcome to ask。
A. wrote B、was writing C. had written D. have written
A.Who B.Anyone C.Those D.Anyone who
- Jennifer is always absent from school，__I suppose is why she is blamed now and
40.Tom is one of the people who ______ they are now。
A.from B.like C.with D.as
A. which B. who C. that D. what
41.The teacher asked ______ students to do homework ourselves。
- ____ they decide which college to go to, students should research the admission procedures.
A.the B.his C.some D.us
A. Once B. While C. Until D. As
42。______ either you or I good at drawing？
33.As a new graduate, he doesn’t know _______ it takes to start a new business.
A.Am B.Are C.Is D.Do
A. how B. what C. when D. which
43.The room ______ as a meeting room。
34.This restaurant has become popular for its wide _______ of foods that suit all tastes and pockets.
A.used to being used B.was used to being used
A. division B. area C. range D. circle
C.used to be used D.was used to be used
35.---- So you missed the lecture given by Professor Smith.
44.The boy was seen ______ the piano at 9 yesterday evening。
---- ____.I got there 30 minutes before it finished.
A.to play B.play C.playing D.played
A. Not exactly B. Not really C. Not a little D. Not at all
45.Last month Miss Han ______ a doctor。
A.married with B.married to C.was married with D.got married to
46.It’s time for Meimei and ______ to the Palace Museum。
There is a small shop about 200 meters from where I live that sells groceries, meat and other basic necessities. About 10 years ago, there was a beggar who would go into the shop every day and ask the owner for a 36 . The owner, 37 he would love to help, simply didn’t have any jobs available, so he kept 38 the man’s request.
A.I going B.I to go C.me going D.me to go
This situation continued 39 for a few months, until the owner 40 to give the homeless man a job which 41 sweeping outside the shop. Every single day from 5 am, the homeless man was there doing the very 42 he could for the 43 , even though it did earn him some pennies. 44 , the owner saw how good a job the man was doing and gave him a job working 45 a cashier. He was watched closely to make sure that he didn’t 46 any of the money received from the sales. He was still homeless, after all. The homeless man did a/an 47 job as a cashier for over 2 years, and did such a good job that he was promoted to 48 the finances for the whole shop.
47。______ a year does your school have sports meeting？
To my 49 , this was the arrangement up until 2 years ago, when the owner 50 . In his will, he only had one 51 , to give the whole shop to the now stable, “homeless” man. Now, I could walk into that shop and see him working as hard as 52 , with his own business that is still 53 and active 10 years after getting his job as a sweeper.
Twice a year。
From this story, we can probably get the inspiration: work hard and give everything your best effort, even if it isn’t your 54 situation, it very well may turn out to 55 some day in the future.
A.How often B.How soon C.How long D.How many times
36.A. coin B. home C. job D. meal
48.There are four pairs of socks to ______， but the woman doesn’t know ______ to buy。
37.A. although B. unless C. because D. if
A.choose from；which B.choose from；what C.choose；which D.choose；what
38.A. expecting B. considering C. accepting D. refusing
49.It is in 1960 ______ Chinese first put out flag on Mount Qomolangma。
39.A. again B. often C. weekly D. daily
A.when B.that C.which D.in which
40.A. allowed B. agreed C. planned D. failed
50.The old men who gave away lots of money ______ highly of at yesterday’s meeting。
41.A. meant B. involved C. included D. trained
A.spoke B.spoken C.was spoken D.were spoken
42.A. best B. least C. better D. less
43.A. family B. owner C. interest D. moment
1~10 C C B A A A D A B B 11~20 B A A A B C D B C A 21~30 A A A A B B D A B A31~40 D A C B A D D A D D 41~50 D B C C D D D A B D
44.A. Suddenly B. Accurately C. Quietly D. Eventually
45.A. for B. with C. as D. like
46.A. lose B. pocket C. spend D. save
47.A. honest B. loyal C. fantastic D. kind
48.A. guard B. raise C. provide D. manage
49.A. knowledge B. mind C. scare D. joy
50.A. got tired B. became old C. passed away D. gave up
51.A. thought B. purpose C. request D. suggestion
- A. ever B. necessary C. expected D. required
53.A. big B. new C. shabby D. popular
54.A. ideal B. current C. own D. financial
55.A. become B. be C. happen D. Do
The New York Aquarium (水族馆) offers a diverse collection and nice viewing experience for all our guests. Whether you’re observing penguins on their rocky coastline home or swimming underwater, looking at a coral reef (珊瑚礁) under the water, or cheering on California sea lions at the theater, you’ll find plenty to see and do during your visit. Your underwater adventure is waiting for you! This summer, head out to Coney Island to learn about the underwater world at the New York Aquarium.
Just off the Coney Island in Brooklyn, the New York Aquarium features more than 300 marine (海洋的) species, such as dolphins and seals. Meet some of our mammals and fish, and learn about their natural history, biology, and cultural roles.
May 28 – Sept. 5 10:00 a.m. – 6:00 p.m. , Monday–Friday
10:00 a.m. – 7:00 p.m. , Weekends & Holidays
Sept. 6 – Nov. 6 10:00 a.m. – 5:00 p.m. , Monday–Friday
10:00 a.m. – 5:30 p.m. , Weekends & Holidays
Nov. 7 – Mar. 31 10:00 a.m. – 4:30 p.m. , Daily
Apr. 1– May 27 10:00 a.m. – 5:00 p.m. , Monday–Friday
10:00 a.m. – 5:30 p.m. , Weekends & Holidays
Total Experience Ticket
Child (Ages 3-12) $14.00
Senior (65+) $15.00
Groups (at least ten visitors) $8.00
﹡Includes admission to our 4-D Theater Plus General Admission.
﹡Children under 3 years old are free!
﹡To receive the group rate, you must make a reservation at least two weeks in advance of your group’s visit. Please call 718-741-1818.
Friday Afternoon Special
Admission on Fridays beginning at 3:00 p.m. is by donation. Suggested donation is $13 for adults, $9 for children, and $10 for seniors. Every dollar you give supports our work in caring for animals at the aquarium.
﹡Due to rising costs, the Wildlife Conservation Society reserves the right to change all fees without notice.
﹡All Aquarium buildings and exhibits are wheelchair-accessible.
﹡For further information, please call 718-265-3454.
56.Which animal can’t visitors probably see at the New York Aquarium?
A. Penguins. B. Pandas. C. Dolphins. D. Seals.
- Six adults (including a man of 68) and two children (aged 2 and 10) are going to visit the New York Aquarium on Sunday. They will have to pay ______________ at least.
A. $144 B. $133 C. $64 D. $119
58.The donation is used to ______________.
A. help the poor people
B. help to save the endangered animals in the wild
C. care for animals at the aquarium
D. help the disabled visitors
- Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage?
A. You can visit the New York Aquarium at 5:30 p.m. on Christmas.
B. A visitor in a wheelchair can get around at the New York Aquarium.
C. Visitors can enjoy free parking service on Friday.
D. To enjoy the group rate, visitors must make a reservation at least two weeks in advance by sending an e-mail.
I really hadn't meant to yell at them. But that gray afternoon saw it just as my son and daughter were making a terrible mess on the floor in the kitchen.
With a tiresome report to write, I felt bothered at my desk. Suddenly, it occurred to me that my kids were at fault. A voice inside me insisted that I do something quickly.
“OK, you two here, but what an awful thing you are attempting!” shouting angrily, I made for them, while it became evident that the boy wanted no part of me. “Get away from us!” he shouted back, there being expression of support from his sister.
All of a sudden, I found the fault in myself. Quickly I shaped my hands into pincers(螃蟹螯;钳子)and crawled towards them, “Crabby(似螃蟹的)Daddy is here. Ha, Ha, Ha, he likes to yell at children, and then eat them!” My son continued to keep me away, but now he was laughing and crying at the same time. My mission to repair the damage caused by my yelling seemed to work well. Still, I regretted not having controlled myself first in a right way that my children could do after.
Need I let them know how badly they were acting by blaming? This is a lesson that serves myself. It only shows just how to get rid of something(ill-feelings, responsibility)by blaming others. It's not my “best self”.
We have to search for our “best self” when with our children. They don't need perfect parents, but they do need parents who are always trying to get better. Here, I'm reminded of the words of a great thinker, “When a man lives with God, his voice shall be as sweet as the murmur of the brook…” Then, in our lifetime, couldn't we always speak to our kids in such a sweet voice since most of us consider them as the most precious in the world? And before we reach this level, what should we do when we come across various difficult cases with our children?
60.The author couldn't help yelling at his kids this time probably because___________.
A. the weather was so unpleasant B. a daddy has his right to do so
C. the kids didn't ask him to join them D. he was tired of his boring work
61.Which of the following made the author aware of his fault?
A. No obvious reason. B. The children’s reaction.
C. His self-control. D. The mess made by the children.
62.According to the passage the author will __________in another similar situation.
A. play a crab again like this time B. apologize to kids in a sincere way
C. avoid blaming kids in a hurry D. beat them up about such things
63.What will the writer go on to write about in the next paragraph(s)?
A. How to behave ourselves properly when kids are at fault.
B. How to blame our children in a more interesting way.
C. How to deal with the terrible mess made by our kids.
D. How to persuade children to do what they are told to.
This year’s World Food Prize will honor two leaders of hunger-fighting groups based in the United States. The winners are David Beckmann of Bread for the World and Jo Luck of Heifer International. They will share the prize of 250,000 dollars. The World Food Prize usually goes to researchers or top policy officials. This is the first time it will recognize the work of nongovernmental groups.
Heifer International provides donated animals and training to farmers in 50 countries. Jo Luck remains president until next year. Under her leadership, the group’s budget grew from less than 10,000,000 dollars to more than 130,000,000 dollars. Jo Luck, “People pass on their gifts of not just animals but also gifts of training and leadership. We have seen cases where we have been gone 5 and 10 years and we go back and they have developed roads and built schools, and they have other communities receiving the animals and the training. You just give them those resources and that training and opportunity, and you cannot hold them back.” She told the story of a woman from a poor village in Zimbabwe. A family member helped send her to school in the United States with earnings from a donated milk goat. She received a doctoral degree. Jo Luck, “That is what a goat did. That is one example. The animal is only the catalyst(催化剂). That is the beginning of many other things that follow.”
David Beckmann became president of Bread for the World in 1991. He is an economist and a Christian clergyman(牧师). Bread for the World organizes people from religious and non-religious groups to write, call and visit members of Congress(国会). The purpose is to support measures to improve the lives of the poor. David Beckmann points to big increase in American development assistance. He said, “I think that would not have happened without the support of hundreds of thousands of people and churches that are part of Bread for the World and that keep the pressure on their members of Congress.” The prize committee also credited his efforts with helping to increase aid to needy families in the United States.
- The World Food Prize honors ________.
A. people who fight against hunger
B. researchers or top policy officials
C. people from nongovernmental groups
D. people who have advanced human development
- Why does Jo Luck receive the prize?
A. Under her leadership, people develop roads and build schools.
B. She has served Heifer International for almost 20 years.
C. Under her leadership, Heifer International helps farmers in 50 countries.
D. She makes the group’s budget grow to more than 130 million.
- What has David Beckmann done to deserve the prize?
A. He has trained farmers in 50 countries.
B. He has made a great contribution to science.
C. He has led Bread for the World for more than 20 years.
D. He has aimed to support measures to improve the lives of the poor.
Scientists Alan M.Goldberg and Thomas Hartung describe recent advances in replacing the use of animals in toxicology(毒物学)testing.Improvements in cell and tissue culture technologies，for example，allow a growing number of tests to be performed on human cells alone.Computer models are becoming increasingly complex and many could one day become more accurate than trials in living animals.
Since the late 1990s，Huntingdon Life Sciences--a company that conducts testing of substances on animals conducted by the Environmental Protection Agency and the Food and Drug Administration—has become a proving ground for aggressive strategies by animal-rights militants (好战分子).At a hearing，a Senate.committee listened to testimony(证词) against Huntingdon employees and financial institutions providing services to the company.One experimentation witness at the hearing insisted that any means necessary were justified to spare animals’ lives;he has previously accepted the idea of murder to that end.
Use of animals in testing and in biomedical research continues to be necessary in many instances and is ethically(伦理道德地)preferable to experimenting on humans or giving up cures that could save human lives.But for the sake of people and animals alike，the development and acceptance of animal substitutes deserve enthusiastic support.
In some instances, substitutes are already thought as good or better than animals，but supervising agencies have yet to catch up.In both the European Union and the U.S.，scientists and companies wanting to use the new alternative tests complain that regulatory standards for proving a drug or chemical to be safe for humans force the continued use of animals.Thus，animal-loving Americans might turn to persuading the EPA and the FDA to speed validation(确认)of new methods so that they can be more widely employed.And animal advocates who want to influence business could consider investing in the small biotech’s and large pharmaceutical(药品的)companies that are working to develop alternatives to animals in research.
67._____ plays a leading role in replacing the use of animals in testing.
A.Huntingdon Life Sciences B.Improvement in technologies
C.Animal-fights militants D.Scientists Alan and Thomas
68.Accordingly, the animal-rights militants hold the view that_____.
A.animals shouldn’t be used in toxicology testing
B.animals should enjoy equal rights with human beings
C.animals should live wildly and freely
D.we should protect animals from being killed casually
69.What’s the main idea of the passage?
A.Saving animals and people.
B.The new trend in toxicology testing.
C.The use of animals in testing is against human nature.
D.New technology changes the fate of animals.
70.The writer’s attitude towards replacing the use of animals in toxicology is____.
D. R. Gaul Middle School is in Union, Maine, a blueberry-farming town where the summer fair finds kids competing in pig scrambles and pie-eating contests.
Gaul, with about 170 seventh- and eighth-graders, has its own history of lower level academic achievement. One likely reason: Education beyond the basic requirements hasn't always been a top priority for families who've worked the same land for generations. Here, few adults have college degrees, and outsiders (teachers included) are often kept at a respectful distance.
Since 2002, Gaul's students have been divided into four classes, each of them taught almost every subject by two teachers. The goal: To find common threads across disciplines to help students create a big picture that gives fresh meaning and context to their classwork -- and sparks motivation for learning.
Working within state guidelines, each team makes its individual schedules and lesson plans, incorporating non-textbook literature, hands-on lab work and field trips. If students are covering the Civil War in social studies, they're reading The Red Badge of Courage or some other period literature in English class. In science, they study the viruses and bacteria that caused many deaths in the war.
Team teaching isn't unusual. About 77 percent of middle schools now employ some form of it, says John Lounsbury, consulting editor for the National Middle School Association. But most schools use four- or five-person teams, which Gaul tried before considering two-person teams more effective. Gaul supports the team concept by "looping" classes (跟班) so that the same two teachers stick with the same teens through seventh and eighth grades. Combining teams and looping creates an extremely strong bond between teacher and student. It also, says teacher Beth Ahlholm, "allows us to build an excellent relationship with parents."
Ahlholm and teammate Madelon Kelly are fully aware how many glazed looks they see in the classroom, but they know 72 percent of their eighth-graders met Maine's reading standard last year -- double the statewide average. Only 31 percent met the math standard, still better than the state average (21 percent). Their students also beat the state average in writing and science. And in2006, Gaul was one of 47 schools in the state to see testing gains of at least 20 percent in four of the previous five years, coinciding roughly with team teaching's arrival.
A Classroom With Context
Problems of the
school Being a farming town，it(71) little in education before.
(72) education is considered less important.
The community is relatively(73) rather than open to the outsiders.
Ways of solving
the problems The division of classes is made and students are well(74) .
Individual schedules and lesson plans are(75) by each team.
A strong(76) between teacher and student is established through
combining teams and looping.
(77) 72 percent of the eighth-graders(78) Maine's reading standard
(79)percent higher than the state average in maths
the school beating the state average in writing and science
four of the previous five years(80) at least 20 percent test gains
Once upon a time in a land far away, there was a wonderful old man who loved everything. Animals, spiders, insects...
One day while walking through the woods the nice old man found a cocoon(茧) of a butterfly. He took it home.
A few days later, a small opening appeared; he sat and watched the butterfly for several hours as it struggled to force its body through that little hole. Then it seemed to stop making any progress. It appeared as if it had gotten as far as it could and it could go no farther.
Then the man decided to help the butterfly, so he took a pair of scissors and cut off the remaining bit of the cocoon. The butterfly then came out easily.
But it had a swollen body and small, shriveled(萎缩的) wings. The man continued to watch the butterfly because he expected that, at any moment, the wings would enlarge and expand to be able to support the body. Neither happened! In fact, the butterfly spent the rest of its life crawling around with a swollen body and shriveled wings. It never was able to fly.
What the man in his kindness and haste did not understand was that the restricting cocoon and the struggle required for the butterfly to get through the tiny opening were Nature’s way of forcing fluid from the body of the butterfly into its wings so that it would be ready for flight once it achieved its freedom from the cocoon.
Sometimes struggles are exactly what we need in our life. If we were allowed to go through our life without any obstacles, it would cripple us. We would not be as strong as what we could have been. And we could never fly.