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同源外刊案例精析二,以万变应不变

来源:http://www.sswank.com 作者:www.0805.com 时间:2019-11-21 09:32

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  作文是各类英语考试中得分较低的一种题型,究其原因,除了平时缺少练习之外,同学们还缺乏作文得分技巧。同学们需要掌握一定的作文模板和熟悉大量的话题作文,纯模板会很僵化缺乏弹性,而话题作文可以更好的拓展思维,例如话题写作160篇里的高分佳句很实用。考研英语写作的提高需要大量细节的分析和磨练,其中一个重要的主题是关于英语创作的重要规律——seeking variety (追求语言丰富多变)。如何追求变化?下面英语教研室杨老师举几个具体的例子,从各种角度给出句型转换的方式,提供一些思路。如果能在作文中设置一些词汇和句型的闪光点,必定使你的作文如虎添翼。

For my movie review this week, I'm looking at the latest Hollywood disaster epic, 2012.

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  一、注意段首句式的变化

In 2009, a consultant to the U.S. president, Adrian, is informed by his friend of some abnormal activities of the sun, which will soon spell doom for humankind.

  众所周知,在考研[微博]英语真题中,文章多来源于The Economist(经济学人)、Times (时代周刊)、Scientific American (科学美国人)等国外著名杂志、报刊。这些杂志、报刊被称为同源外刊。The Economist中的一篇名为《滋长的无信仰论》的文章从成为结构、表达方式都与真题相近,吸引了都教授的眼球,下面就带各位2016考研学子来学习一下。

  图画作文的段首句往往是“如图所示”或“从图画中可以看出”之类,下面为经常采用的一些句型:

In 2012, a limo driver and frustrated sci-fi writer named Jackson happens to learn the secret hidden by the government and foreseen by the ancient Mayan calendar. So before the disaster tears Los Angeles apart, he flees with his ex-wife, two kids and her wife's new husband to China, where several huge arks have been built to save the rich and powerful from the apocalypse.

  Growing disbelief

  As is shown in the picture,

These days, a ticket for 2012 in Beijing's cinemas costs 80 kuai. But trust me, you will find the movie is worth the money. I'm not saying this because it's a great one. I just think that considering the 158 minutes of over-the-top, extravagant visual stunts, the movie has a right to charge that price, even though its story drags and at some point makes you wish doomsday would just arrive as soon as possible.

  AMERICA is not an easy place for atheists. Religion pervades the public sphere, and studies show that non-believers are more distrusted than other minorities.

  As can be seen from the picture,

In spite of that, top-notch special effects can neither hide all the story's plot holes nor save it from falling into a cliché. Moreover, if you are a thoughtful and critical moviegoer, you may even find the movie an insult to your intelligence: an Indian scientist can call his American friend via mobile phone in a world literally submerged in the global mega-tsunami; the protagonists narrowly escape volcano eruptions, gaping fissures that open suddenly or airplane crashes hundreds of times; an eccentric old man is able to review a top-secret government project without being identified.

  Several states still ban atheists from holding public office. These rules, which are unconstitutional, are never enforced, but that hardly matters. Over 40% of Americans say they would never vote for an atheist presidential candidate.

  It is vividly shown in the picture that……

As the movie comes to its finale, a presumably tragic undertone even turns somewhat happy. "Hey! We've survived! Let's go party!" - that's the unspoken message I heard when the theme song faded out the film.

  Yet the past seven years have seen a fivefold increase in people who call themselves atheists, to 5% of the population, according to WIN-Gallup International, a network of pollsters. Meanwhile, the proportion of Americans who say they are religious has fallen from 73% in 2005 to 60% in 2011.

  We can see in this picture that ……

The only clever thing director Roland Emmerich does in this movie may be his ability to dress up a corny story based on an old Mayan prediction that the approaching year 2012 will bring the end of the world. Millions of more gullible people are taken in by this premise, and as a result, are attracted into the cinema.

  Such a large drop in religiosity is startling, but the data on atheists are in line with other polling. A Pew survey in 2009 also found that 5% of Americans did not believe in God. But only a quarter of those called themselves atheists. The newest polling, therefore, may simply show an increase in those willing to say the word.

  It is of considerable interest to see in the bizarre picture that……

Having already directed Independence Day and The Day After Tomorrow, Mr. Emmerich has by now completely ruined planet earth in his cinematic world. So this time, the ultimate disaster movie 2012 brings us to one big question: what other catastrophic stories can he come up with in the future? I suggest he make a movie called 2013, telling us how these survivors recreate human civilization based on nothing. I think that would be great fun.

  This change may have come about because of an informal movement of non-believers known as “New Atheism”. Over the past eight years, authors such as Richard Dawkins and the late Christopher Hitchens have attacked religion in bestselling books, appealing persuasively to logic and science. Mr Dawkins, a British biologist, has especially encouraged people to declare their disbelief.

  二、适当用被动替换主动,这样能更客观地反映事实。

After all, it's just an entertaining Hollywood blockbuster with plenty of jokes, instead of a portrayal of what an apocalypse is really like. Don't take it too seriously!

  Earlier this year he spoke at the “Reason Rally”, a gathering of thousands of secularists on the Mall in Washington, DC. “We are approaching a tipping point”, he predicted, “where the number of people who have come out becomes so great that suddenly everyone will realise, I can come out too。”

  句子开头不要总是用we / I (比如写结尾时不用we should pay attention to而用Attent

On my movie scale between 1 and 10, I give 2012 a SIX.

  Some are doing so loudly. When Democratic convention-goers arrive in Charlotte, North Carolina, they will be greeted by a billboard sponsored by a group called American Atheists that claims Christianity “promotes hate” and exalts a “useless saviour”. A similar billboard mocking Mormonism was planned for the Republican convention, but no one would sell the group space.

  ion should be paid to. ) 举个经典结尾的例子:It is, therefore, high time that some applicable approaches were implemented by the service industry like that. By doing so,its competitive edge will be sharpened effectively。

  American Atheists is also trying to block the display of a cross-shaped steel beam at the September 11th museum in New York. The beam, found in the wreckage of the World Trade Centre, was a totem for rescuers. The atheists see its inclusion as an unconstitutional mingling of church and state. The museum says the cross is an historical artefact, and that anyway it is not a government agency. Fights like this are unlikely to enhance atheism’s growing appeal in America.

  三、一句话用不同的句式来表达

  ●文章结构分析

  为了加强同学们对语法知识在写作中的灵活应用,下面给出一句话的14种句式及语言

  第一层为文章的1、2段,开篇表明美国的无神论者日子并不好过,第二层为3、4段,经过调查表明,近年来美国无神论者的人数有巨大的增长,不过这种增长可能仅仅是因为宣城自己是无神论者的人多了。第三层为5、6段,无神论的壮大可能跟一些作家抨击宗教,鼓励人们成为无神论者有关。第四层为7、8段,一些无神论者在宣传无神论时,非常高调,而他们的一些举动却可能招来非议。

  调整的效果,内容上没有太大差异,但是请同学们仔细辨别每句话所侧重的句式:

  ●重点词汇

  1.使用表语从句

  atheist 无神论者

  The picture shows two people reading the announcement on a billboard, and being shocked at the message. The reason is that the billboard is advertising a “sale of the dead bodies”。

  pollster 民意调查人

  2.使用介词短语

  religiosity 对宗教的虔诚,狂热

  In the picture, two people are reading the announcement and they are being shocked at the message of “a sale of dead bodies” on a billboard。

  secularist 世俗论者,宗教与教育分离者

  3.使用疑问句

  exalt 赞扬,提拔

  The picture shows two people reading the announcement on a billboard. Why are they so shocked? The reason is that the billboard is advertising a “sale of the dead bodies”。

  Mormonism 摩门教,后期圣徒教会

  4.使用原因状语从句

  ●长难句解析

  The picture shows two people reading the announcement on a billboard. As the billboard is advertising a “sale of the dead bodies”, they are shocked at the message。

  We are approaching a tipping point”, he predicted, “where the number of people who have come out becomes so great that suddenly everyone will realise, I can come out too.

  5.使用结果状语从句

  翻译:他做出预测,“我们正在向一个转折点进发,那里宣称自己是无神论的人时如此之多以至于每个人都会意识到我也能对外宣布我是无神论者了。”

  The picture shows two people reading the announcement on a billboard. The billboard is advertising a “sale of the dead bodies” so that they are shocked at the message。

  解析:句子的主语是he,谓语是predicted,宾语是一个直接引语。宾语是一个直接引语。宾语从句的主干是we are approaching a tipping point。被由where引导的宾语从句修饰。在这个定语从句中,where作状语,句子主语是the number of people ,谓语是becomes, so great是表语。So...that是一个固定搭配,表示程度,意思是“如此……以至于……”。这也就是说,人数如此之多以至于每个人都会意识到“我也能对外宣布我是无神论者了”。

  6.使用时间状语从句

  通过都教授的讲解,各位考生是不是也觉得这篇文章值得一学了呢,那就快快将文章精髓掌握起来吧。预祝各位考生备考顺利,取得理想佳绩!

  In the picture, while the two people are reading the announcement on the billboard about “a sale of the dead bodies”, they are being deeply shocked。

  文章来源:文都教育

  7.使用分词短语

  In the picture, reading the message of a ‘sale of the dead bodies” advertised on the billboard, the two people are deeply shocked。

  8.使用主动语态

  In the picture, the announcement on a billboard advertising a “sale of the dead bodies” shocks the two people reading it。

  9.使用There be 结构

  In the picture, there is an announcement on a billboard advertising a “sale of the dead bodies” and shocking the two people reading it。

  10.使用倒装句

  On a billboard is an announcement advertising a “sale of the dead bodies”. The two people reading it are being shocked。

  11.使用定语从句

  In the picture, the announcement on a billboard which advertises a “sale of the dead bodies” shocks the two people reading it。

  12.强调句

  In the picture, it is the announcement on a billboard advertising a “sale of the dead bodies” that shocks the two people reading it。

  13.虚拟语气

  In the picture, were it not for the announcement on the billboard advertising a “sale of the dead bodies”, the two people would not be so shocked。

  四。尽量复杂作文中的句式

  It is of considerable interest to observe in this bizarre caricature that a couple of citizens, reading an announcement issued on the billboard, are taken aback as a result of the astounding message which informs people of a “sale of dead bodies”。

  句中使用的词组包括:be of considerable interest, a couple of, taken aback, as a result of, inform sb. of

  长句采用的特殊语法包括:宾语从句+分词结构做插入语+分词作后置定语(issued)+被动语态+原因短语+定语从句。

  以下是一些词语替换的例子,各位同学可以参考一下:

  1.individuals, characters, folks替换people ,persons。

  2.positive, favorable, rosy (美好的),promising (有希望的),perfect, pleasurable , excellent, outstanding, superior替换good。

  3.dreadful, unfavorable, poor, adverse, ill (有害的)替换bad (如果bad做表语,可以用be less impressive替换)

  Eg.:An army of college students indulge themselves in playing games, enjoying romance with girls/boys or killing time passively in their dorms. When it approaches to graduation, as a result, they find their academic records are less impressive。

  4.an army of, an ocean of, a sea of, a multitude of ,a host of, many, if not most替换many。

  注:用many, if not most 一定要小心,many后一定要有词。

  Eg.:Many individuals, if not most, harbor the idea that…。同理用most…if not all 替换most。

  5.a slice of, quiet a few 替换some。

  6.harbor the idea that, take the attitude that, hold the view that, it is widely shared that, it is universally acknowledged that替换think (因为是书面语,所以要加that)。

  7.affair ,business ,matter 替换thing。

  8.shared 替代 common 。

  9.reap huge fruits 替换get many benefits。

  10.for my part ,from my own perspective 替换 in my opinion。

  11.Increasing(ly),growing 替换more and more( 注意没有growingly这种形式。所以当修饰名词时用increasing/growing。修饰形容词,副词用increasingly。)

www.0805.com,  Eg.sth has gained growing popularity. Sth is increasingly popular with the advancement of sth。

  12.little if anything或little or nothing替换hardly。

  13.beneficial, rewarding替换helpful。

  14.shopper, client, consumer, purchaser 替换customer。

  15.overwhelmingly,.exceedingly,.extremely, intensely 替换very。

  16.hardly necessary, hardly inevitable ... 替换 unnecessary, avoidable。

  17.indispensable替换necessary

  18.sth appeals to sb, sth exerts a tremendous fascination on sb 替换sb take interest in / sb. be interested in。

  19.capture one's attention替换attract one's attention。

  20.facet, dimension, sphere代aspect。

  21.be indicative of ,be suggestive of ,be fearful of代 indicate, suggest ,fear。

  22.give rise to, lead to, result in, trigger 替换cause。

  23.There are several reasons behind sth 替换..reasons for sth。

  24.desire 替换want。

  25.pour attention into 替换pay attention to。

  26.bear in mind that 替换remember。

  27. enjoy, possess 替换have(注意process是过程的意思)。

  28.interaction替换communication。

  29.frown on sth替换 be against , disagree with sth 。

  30.to name only a few, as an example替换 for example, for instance。

  31. next to / virtually impossible替换nearly / almost impossible。

  32.regarding/concerning 替换about。

  33.crucial/paramount 替换important。

  34.第一(in the first place/the first and foremost);第二(there is one more point ,I should touch on, that…。);第三(the last but not the least)。

  35. assiduous替换hard-working

  36.arduous替换difficult

  37.underdeveloped/financially-challenged 替换poor(因为poor通常含有贬义)

  38.demonstrate /manifest 替换show

  39.invariably 替换always

  40.perilous/hazardous替换dangerous(写社会类作文时常用,说什么社会现象是不好的,有害的)

  41.formidable 替换difficult

  42.quintessential 替换typical(举例时常用,例如:a quintessential example should be cited that=for example; for instance)

  43.distinguished 替换famous

  44.feasible替换possible

  45.consequently, accordingly替换so

  丰富多变的句式让你的作文看起来专业而地道,那么从现在开始,请同学们随意选上两句话开始brainstorm,对这些句子搞个外科手术吧,挑战极限,一试身手,丰富多彩的语言一定会为你的作文加分不少!

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