Day 3-4 unfamiliar words/phrases/sentences/expressions
N the cultivation of freshwater and marine resources, both plant and animal, for human consumption or use 水产养殖
e.g. Another is a shortage of land and freshwater for use in aquaculture.
- ground down : Smash into piece.
e.g. Ground down into tiny pieces, it is eaten by fish and then by people, with uncertain effects on human health.
PHRASE If you say that something plumbs new depths, you mean that it is worse than all the things of its kind that have existed before, even though some of them have been very bad. 糟糕到新低点; 降至最低点 [oft PHR 'of' n]
e.g. Relations between the two countries have plumbed new depths.
the sea is out of sight and out of mind. 大海容易被人们忽视。
e.g. I caught a fleeting glimpse of the comet.
e.g. It is telling that there is only a single fleeting reference to the ocean in the Paris agreement on climate change.
- a patchwork of 形形色色的
All kinds of; consists of different types of elements.
ADJ placed or positioned wrongly or badly 方向偏离的
e.g. Enforcement is hard and incentives are often misaligned.
N-UNCOUNT Jurisdiction is the power that a court of law or an official has to carry out legal judgments or to enforce laws. 司法权; 管辖权 [正式]
e.g. The British police have no jurisdiction over foreign bank accounts.
N-UNCOUNT The upkeep of a building or place is the work of keeping it in good condition. 维护
e.g. The money will be used for the upkeep of the park.
- win out over :To succeed or prevail as if in a contest.
e.g. ......the interests of individual actors in exploiting such areas win out over the collective interest in husbanding them.
V-T If you haul something which is heavy or difficult to move, you move it using a lot of effort. (用力地) 拉
e.g. A crane had to be used to haul the car out of the stream.
catches: the quantity that was caught.
PHRASE If you say that someone does something with impunity, you disapprove of the fact that they are not punished for doing something bad. 不受惩罚 [PHR after v] [表不满]
e.g. Why observe quotas if you think your neighbor can haul in catches with impunity?
ADJ An aquatic animal or plant lives or grows on or in water. 水生的
e.g. The pond is small but can support many aquatic plants and fish.
N-COUNT A vessel is a ship or large boat. 船; 舰 [正式]
e.g. ...a New Zealand navy vessel.
- radiometry n. 辐射线测定
In optics, radiometry is a set of techniques for measuring electromagnetic radiation, including visible light.
ADJ Nascent things or processes are just beginning, and are expected to become stronger or to grow bigger. 新生的; 初期的 [正式] [ADJ n]
e.g. More scientific data ought to improve the oversight of nascent industries.
n. nascence 起源；发生
excite suspicion : Arouse or elicit doubt.
N-VAR Wrongdoing is behaviour that is illegal or immoral. 违法行为; 不道德行为
e.g. The city attorney's office hasn't found any evidence of criminal wrongdoing.
V-T If you align yourself with a particular group, you support them because you have the same political aim. 与…结盟
e.g. When war broke out, they aligned themselves with the rebel forces.
N-UNCOUNT If you refer to someone's inaction, you disapprove of the fact that they are doing nothing. 不作为 [表不满]
e.g. Thanks to technology, the ocean’s expanse and remoteness are becoming less formidable—and less of an excuse for inaction.
- high seas
N-PLURAL The high seas is used to refer to the ocean. 大洋; 远海 [文学性] ['the' N]
e.g. ..battles on the high seas. ...海战。
V-T/V-I If money or interest accrues, it gradually increases in amount over a period of time. 累积 (过程) [商业]
e.g. but the rewards that accrue from removing plastic from the high seas are unclear.
V-T If you bleach something, you use a chemical to make it white or pale in colour. 漂白; 使脱色
e.g. These products don't bleach the hair.
- pull out: To quit or abandon.